AtariAge Logo Section Icon
  Have You Played Atari Today? 2600|5200|7800|Lynx|Jaguar|Forums|Store  
Title:

System:

Region:

Definitive Combat Disassembly

Download Source Separately (right click to save)

; Combat for Atari by Larry Wagner
;
; Original disassembly by Harry Dodgson
; Commented further by Nick Bensema (1997)
; Major overhaul by Roger Williams (2002) 
;
; My intent in overhauling this classic disassembly is to finish it
; so that the purpose of every instruction, memory location, and
; table is made completely clear.
;
; For some reason the NBCOMBAT file ORG statements all point to
; the region $1000-$1FFF; this would play in a VCS but the cartridge
; .BIN I have is mapped from $F000-$FFFF.  This file compiles with
; DASM to an image which differs from this ROM only in the few
; unwritten bytes between the end of data and the startup vectors.
; DASM sets these to zero, typical of unwritten RAM, but in the cart
; they are $FF, typical of unprogrammed PROM.
;
; Thanks to Brian Prescott for pointing me to Joe DeCuir's
; presentation notes, which revealed Atari's original names
; for the main loop toplevel routines and offered some guidance
; on their separation of function.
;
; I have removed some of the breathless intro-to-VCS and historical
; comments.  This version assumes a basic familiarity with VCS
; programming, and is meant as a basis for hacking the COMBAT game
; itself.  There are plenty of resources outside of this file if
; you don't know how the VCS works.
;
; For reference, as this is rather important when reading the,
; code, here is the game variation matrix (it is not trivially
; obvious how this corresponds to GAMVAR):
;
;                Game No.                Open Field
;                |  Straight Missiles    |  Easy Maze
;                |  |  Guided Missiles   |  |  Complex Maze
;                |  |  |  Machine Guns   |  |  |  Clouds
;                |  |  |  |  Direct Hit  |  |  |  |
;                |  |  |  |  |  Billiard |  |  |  |
;                |  |  |  |  |  |   Hit  |  |  |  |
;                |  |  |  |  |  |        |  |  |  |
;                |  |  |  |  |  |        |  |  |  |
;
;TANK            1  -  X  -  -  -        X  -  -  -
;                2  -  X  -  -  -        -  X  -  -
;                3  X  -  -  -  -        -  X  -  -
;                4  -  X  -  -  -        -  -  X  -
;                5  X  -  -  -  -        -  -  X  -
;--------------------------------------------------
;TANK-PONG       6  -  -  -  X  X        -  X  -  -
;                7  -  -  -  X  X        -  -  X  -
;                8  -  -  -  -  X        X  -  -  -
;                9  -  -  -  -  X        -  X  -  -
;--------------------------------------------------
;INVISIBLE TANK 10  -  X  -  -  -        X  -  -  -
;               11  -  X  -  -  -        -  X  -  -
;--------------------------------------------------
;INVISIBLE      12  -  -  -  X  X        -  X  -  -
;TANK-PONG      13  -  -  -  -  X        X  -  -  -
;               14  -  -  -  -  X        -  X  -  -
;--------------------------------------------------
;BI-PLANE       15  -  X  -  -  -        -  -  -  X
;               16  X  -  -  -  -        -  -  -  X
;               17  -  -  X  -  -        -  -  -  X
;               18  -  -  X  -  -        X  -  -  -
;     2 vs. 2   19  -  X  -  -  -        X  -  -  -
;     1 vs. 3   20  X  -  -  -  -        X  -  -  -
;--------------------------------------------------
;JET            21  -  X  -  -  -        -  -  -  X
;               22  X  -  -  -  -        -  -  -  X
;               23  -  X  -  -  -        X  -  -  -
;               24  X  -  -  -  -        X  -  -  -
;     2 vs. 2   25  -  X  -  -  -        -  -  -  X
;     1 vs. 3   26  -  X  -  -  -        X  -  -  -
;     2 vs. 2   27  X  -  -  -  -        X  -  -  -


        processor 6502
        include vcs.h

; RAM is cleared in blocks beginning at various addresses and
; always ending at $A2 (though this isn't the highest address
; used).  I have placed \\\/// comments to mark these points.

BINvar  =     $80 ; Master Game Variation Control (binary)
                  ; (When BINvar is reset or incremented,
                  ; BCDvar is reset or BCD-imcremented and
                  ; GAMVAR flag is read from VARMAP+BINvar)
BCDvar  =     $81 ; Game Variation in BCD
;
;\\\///
;
; $82 thru $85 contain flags built from GAMVAR for quick testing via BIT. 
;
PF_PONG =     $82 ; bit 7 DIS-able playfield flag
;                 ; bit 6 Pong missiles (bounce off playfield)
GUIDED  =     $83 ; bit 7 = guided missile game
;                 ; bit 6 = machine gun game
BILLIARD =    $84 ; Just bit 6 = billiard hit game (missiles can't
;                 ; hit tank until at least 1 bounce off playfield)
GAMSHP  =     $85 ; Shape of player and game type
;                 ; 0 = Tank
;                 ; 1 = Biplane
;                 ; 2 = Jet Fighter
;
CLOCK  =      $86 ; Master timer inc'd every frame during VSYNC
;                 ; in NBCOMBAT this was misleadingly labelled GTIMER
SHOWSCR =     $87 ; Show/hide RIGHT player score (left only is used
;                 ; to indicate game selection in attract mode)  To
;                 ; inhibit both scores, KLskip is set to $0E vs. $02
GameOn  =     $88 ; $00=attract mode, $FF=game going on.  Bits 7, 1,
;                 ; and "all" tested in various places.  Incorrectly set
;                 ; to $10 at START, but must not be a problem :-)
;\\\///
;
SelDbnce =    $89 ; Select Switch Debounce flag which prevents a
;                 ; hold-down from registering as 60 presses/second
StirTimer =   $8A ; Bit 0 = identity of loser during tank stir
;                 ; Bits 2-7 = countdown timer controlling stir after loss
Vtemp     =   $8B ; Temp storage for current velocity
FwdTimer  =   $8D ; FwdTimer must count $F0 to $00 between changes in
;        thru $8E ; forward motion control; also used for momentum pacing
;             $8F ; ...
;        thru $90 ; seem to be reserved too (missiles?) but not used
LastTurn =    $91 ; Flag indicating direction of last turn, used
;        thru $92 ; to inhibit whipsaw direction changes (may
;                 ; have been intended for rotational momentum)
TurnTimer =   $93 ; Countdown timer between 22.5-degree rotates
;        thru $94 ; for P0 and P1
DIRECTN =     $95 ; Players and missiles' current bearing.
;        thru $98 ; (4 bytes P0,P1,M0,M1)
MisLife =     $99 ; Missile Lifetime down-counters
;        thru $9A
BounceCount = $9B ; (1) Billiard bounced-once flag, via any value other
;        thru $9C ; than $1F init value; (2) Pong sound tone freq, which
;                 ; ascends in tone as BounceCount DECed with each bounce
MxPFcount =   $9D ; During Pong bounce, count of collision duration in
;        thru $9E ; frames, used to try different heading adjustments
;                 ; until "desired" reflection achieved
AltSnd  =     $9F ; Alt Player Sound flag/counter; 0=normal motor sound,
;        thru $A0 ; else counts up to $04 to time Pong sound
SCORE   =     $A1 ; Player scores in BCD.
;        thru $A2 ;
;
;\\\/// Addresses beyond here aren't ever cleared by ClearMem.
;
GAMVAR  =     $A3 ; Game Variation bitwise descriptor via VARMAP
TankY0  =     $A4 ; Tank 0's Y-position
TankY1  =     $A5 ; and tank 1
MissileY0 =   $A6 ; Missile 0's Y-position
MissileY1 =   $A7 ; and missile 1
MVadjA  =     $A8 ; First-half FwdTimer-Velocity adjustments
;        thru $A9 ; for each player.  By an amazing coincidence
;                 ; in all games these seem to be the same as
;                 ; the *current* velocity.
MVadjB  =     $AA ; Second-half FwdTimer-Velocity adjustments,
;        thru $AB ; which seem to be the same as the *final* velocity.
MPace   =     $AC ; Pacing counter; never initialized!  INC'd and
;                 ; masked to pace certain actions slower than
;        thru $AF ; once/frame, for each player & missile
XOFFS   =     $B0 ; X-offset for pending Hmove.
XoffBase =    $B1 ; $0, $10, $20, or $30 offset into X-offset tbl
OldMisDir =   $B2 ; Missile bearing before a Pong-bounce began
;        thru $B3 ;
ScanLine =    $B4 ; Current scanline on the playfield.
LORES   =     $B5 ; lo-res indirect addresses.
;        thru $BA ; 6 bytes / 3 16-bit pointers
SHAPES  =     $BB ; Pointer to player sprites
HIRES   =     $BD ; Hi-res (sprite) shape buffer.  Left player's shape
;        thru $CC ; stored in even bytes, right player's in odd.
TEMP1   =     $D1 ; Temp storage for several quick save/math operations
TEMP    =     $D2 ; "score conversion temporary"
TMPSTK  =     $D3 ; Temporary storage for stack.
DIFSWCH =     $D5 ; Hold & shift temp for console switches
Color0  =     $D6 ; Colors loaded from ColorTbl for player 0 and 1
Color1  =     $D7 ; These may be changed e.g. invisible tanks
XColor0 =     $D8 ; Repeated P0 and P1 Colors for reference, used
XColor1 =     $D9 ; to restore ColorX after a change
ColorPF =     $DA ; BK and PF colors loaded in same block as XColorX.
ColorBK =     $DB ; Never changed, so no reference versions are kept.
KLskip  =     $DC ; Kernal lines to skip before score, or main w/o score
;                 ; (Also used in Kernal as flag whether to show score)
GameTimer =   $DD ; Master game timer set to $80 when game starts,
;                 ; incremented until overflow at $FF-->$00 ends game
;                 ; Bit 7 indicates game in play, also used w/GameOn to
;                 ; flash score.  During attract mode GameTimer is used
;                 ; to cycle colors; this is OK since it only assumes
;                 ; its game-timing function if GameOn != $00.
NUMG0   =     $DE ; Storage for current byte
NUMG1   =     $DF ; of score number graphics.
SCROFF  =     $E0 ; Score pattern offsets (4 bytes)
;        thru $E3 ; lo nibble 0, lo 1, hi 0, hi 1
COLcount =    $E4 ; Counter keeps tank-tank and tank-PF collisions from
;        thru $E5 ; affecting a stationary tank's bearing unless the
;                 ; collision lasts at least 4 cycles
;
StkTop  =     $FF ; Top of stack (which IS used, at least 8 bytes)
;
; So much for the RAM.  Here's the ROM:

	org $F000
	
START	SEI                     ; Disable interrupts
	CLD                     ; Clear decimal bit
	LDX  #StkTop
	TXS                     ; Init Stack
	LDX  #$5D
	JSR  ClearMem           ; zero out RAM except address $A2
	LDA  #$10		;
	STA  SWCHB+1            ; Port B data direction register and
	STA  GameOn             ; GameOn (tho not quite a valid value)...
	JSR  ClrGam		; clear game RAM $82-$A2
	;
MLOOP   JSR  VCNTRL             ; Generate a VSYNC and begin VBLANK
	;
	; VBLANK logic:
	;
	JSR  GSGRCK             ; Parse console switches
	JSR  LDSTEL             ; Load Stella Registers
	JSR  CHKSW              ; Check Joystick Switches
	JSR  COLIS              ; Check Collision Registers
	JSR  STPMPL             ; Setup Player, Missile Motion
	JSR  ROT                ; Rotate Sprites
	JSR  SCROT              ; Calculate Score Offsets
	;
	JSR  VOUT               ; do the Kernal (trashes the stack ptr,
	                        ; but then restores it because it IS
	JMP  MLOOP              ; used when we reiterate this loop)
;
; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; Vertical CoNTRoL
;
; Vertical sync, basic frame-start housekeeping
;
VCNTRL  INC  CLOCK            ; Master frame count timer
	STA  HMCLR            ; Clear horizontal move registers.
	LDA  #2	              ; Get this ready...
	STA  WSYNC            ; for start of next line...
	STA  VBLANK           ; Start vertical blank.
	STA  WSYNC 
	STA  WSYNC            ; and do three lines
	STA  WSYNC
	STA  VSYNC            ; Now start vertical sync
	STA  WSYNC
	STA  WSYNC            ; and do three lines
	LDA  #0               ; get this ready
	STA  WSYNC
	STA  VSYNC            ; End of vertical sync pulse
	LDA  #43              ; And set VBLANK timer
	STA  TIM64T           ; with 64 clock interval.
	RTS  
;
; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; Video OUT -- THE KERNAL
;
; We start with the score, then we render the playfield, players,
; and missiles simultaneously. All in all, an average day for a VCS.
;
VOUT	LDA  #$20
	STA  ScanLine           ; We're assuming scanline $20.
	STA  WSYNC
	STA  HMOVE              ; Move sprites horizontally.
VOUT_VB	LDA  INTIM
	BNE  VOUT_VB            ; Wait for INTIM to time-out.
	STA  WSYNC
	STA  CXCLR              ; Clear collision latches
	STA  VBLANK             ; End vertical blank
	TSX  
	STX  TMPSTK             ; Save stack pointer
	LDA  #$02
	STA  CTRLPF             ; Double, instead of reflect.
	LDX  KLskip
Vskip1  STA  WSYNC              ; Skip a few scanlines...
	DEX  
	BNE  Vskip1
	LDA  KLskip
	CMP  #$0E               ; "No Score" value of KLskip
	BEQ  Vmain
	;
	; KLskip is set as such so that when the score is
	; to be displayed, it waits for just the right time
	; to start drawing the score, but if the score is
	; not to be displayed, as when the score flashes
	; signifying "time's almost up", it waits for just
	; the right time to start drawing the rest of the
	; screen.
	;
	; Draw the score:
	;
	LDX  #$05      	        ; Score is five bytes high.
	LDA  #$00               ; Clear number graphics.
	STA  NUMG0              ; They won't be calculated yet,
	STA  NUMG1              ; but first time through the loop
		                ; the game will try to draw with
		                ; them anyway.
VSCOR	STA  WSYNC              ; Start with a fresh scanline.
	LDA  NUMG0              ; Take last scanline's left score,
	STA  PF1                ; and recycle it,
	;
	; Here, we begin drawing the next scanline's
	; left score, as the electron beam moves towards
	; the right score's position in this scanline.
	;
	LDY  SCROFF+2       
	LDA  NUMBERS,Y          ; Get left digit.
	AND  #$F0       
	STA  NUMG0     
	LDY  SCROFF
	LDA  NUMBERS,Y          ; Get right digit.
	AND  #$0F
	ORA  NUMG0
	STA  NUMG0              ; Left score is ready to ship.
	LDA  NUMG1              ; Take last scanline's right score,
	STA  PF1                ; and recycle it.
	LDY  SCROFF+3
	LDA  NUMBERS,Y          ; Left digit...
	AND  #$F0
	STA  NUMG1
	LDY  SCROFF+1
	LDA  NUMBERS,Y          ; right digit...
	AND  SHOWSCR
	;
	; Now, we use our fresh, new score graphics in this next scanline.
	;
	STA  WSYNC                         ; *COUNT*
	ORA  NUMG1   ;Finish calculating     (0) +3
	STA  NUMG1   ;right score.           (3) +3
	LDA  NUMG0                         ; (6) +3
	STA  PF1                           ; *9* +3
	;
	; We use this time to check whether we're at the end of our loop.
	;
	DEX                                ; (12)+2
	BMI  Vmain                         ; (14)+2 No Branch
	;
	; If so, we're out of here.  Don't worry, the score will be
	; cleared immediately, so nobody will know that we've gone
	; past five bytes and are displaying garbage.
	;
	INC  SCROFF                        ; (16)+5
	INC  SCROFF+2           ; Get ready to draw the next
	INC  SCROFF+1           ; line of the byte.
	INC  SCROFF+3
	LDA  NUMG1
	STA  PF1                ; Right score is in place.
	JMP  VSCOR              ; Go to next scanline,
	;
	; Main Kernal Display loop for the game itself
	;
Vmain	LDA  #$00               ; Inner Display Loop
	STA  PF1                ; Clear the score.
	STA  WSYNC              
	LDA  #$05
	STA  CTRLPF             ; Reflecting playfield.
	LDA  Color0
	STA  COLUP0             ; How often must THIS be done?
	LDA  Color1
	STA  COLUP1
Vfield	LDX  #$1E               ; Very Sneaky -
	TXS                     ; Set stack to missile registers
	SEC
	;  
	; This yields which line of player 0 to draw.
	;
	LDA  TankY0
	SBC  ScanLine           ; A=TankY0-ScanLine
	AND  #$FE               ; Force an even number
	TAX                     ; Only sixteen bytes of 
	AND  #$F0               ; sprite memory, so...
	BEQ  VdoTank            ; If not valid,
	LDA  #$00               ; blank the tank.
	BEQ  VnoTank            ;         (unconditional branch)
VdoTank LDA  HIRES,X            ; Else, load the appropriate byte.
VnoTank STA  WSYNC              ; ----END OF ONE LINE----
	STA  GRP0               ; Just for player 0.
	;
	; The infamous Combat Stack Trick:
	;
	; Keep in mind that at this point, the stack pointer
	; is set to the missile registers, and the "zero-result"
	; bit of the P register is the same at the bit ENAM0/1
	; looks at.
	;
	LDA  MissileY1
	EOR  ScanLine
	AND  #$FE
	PHP                     ; This turns the missle 1 on/off
	LDA  MissileY0
	EOR  ScanLine  
	AND  #$FE
	PHP                     ; This turns the missle 0 on/off
	;
	; We've got the missile taken care of.
	; Now let's see which line of the playfield to draw.
	;
	LDA  ScanLine
	BPL  VvRefl             ; If on the bottom half of the screen,
	EOR  #$F8               ; reverse direction so we can mirror.
VvRefl	CMP  #$20
	BCC  VfDone             ; Branch if at bottom.
	LSR   
	LSR   
	LSR                     ; Divide by eight,
	TAY                     ; and stow it in the Y-register.
	;
	; By now, the electron beam is already at the next
	; scanline, so we don't have to do a STA WSYNC.
	;
	; This yields which line of Tank 1 to draw.
	;
VfDone	LDA  TankY1             ; TankY1 is other player's position.
	SEC  
	SBC  ScanLine           ; A=TankY1 - ScanLine
	INC  ScanLine           ; Increment the loop.
	NOP
	ORA  #$01               ; Add bit 0, force odd number.
	TAX
	;
	AND  #$F0               ; There are only sixteen bytes of
	BEQ  VdoT1              ; sprite memory, so...
	LDA  #$00               ; If tank is not ready, blank it.
	BEQ  VnoT1
VdoT1   LDA  HIRES,X            ; Else, draw the tank
VnoT1   BIT  PF_PONG
	STA  GRP1
	BMI  VnoPF              ; If PF_PONG bit 7 set, don't write PF
	LDA  (LORES),Y          ; (this means game variation has blank
	STA  PF0                ; background)
	LDA  (LORES+2),Y
	STA  PF1
	LDA  (LORES+4),Y
	STA  PF2
VnoPF	INC  ScanLine           ; One more up in the loop.
	LDA  ScanLine
	EOR  #$EC               ; When we've reached the $ECth line,
	BNE  Vfield             ; we've had enough.
	LDX  TMPSTK             ; Restore stack pointer, which is
	TXS                     ; is used for calls in main game loop
	STA  ENAM0              ; Clear a bunch of registers.
	STA  ENAM1
	STA  GRP0
	STA  GRP1
	STA  GRP0               ; In case GRP0 isn't COMPLETELY zeroed.
	STA  PF0
	STA  PF1
	STA  PF2
	RTS  

; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; Game Select Game Reset ChecK
;
; Executed immediately after VCNTRL, this subroutine parses all
; the console switches.
;
GSGRCK	;
	LDA  SWCHB              ; Start/Reset button....
	LSR                     ; Shove bit 0 into carry flag,
	BCS  NoNewGM            ; and if it's pushed...
	;
	; Start a new game.
	;
	LDA  #$0F
	STA  SHOWSCR            ; Show right score.
	LDA  #$FF               ; Set all bits
	STA  GameOn             ; in GameOn.  
	LDA  #$80   
	STA  GameTimer          ; and bit 7 of GameTimer (this is not too
	                        ; significant, as GameTimer rollover is
	                        ; only checked if GameOn<>$00)
	LDX  #$E6
	JSR  ClearMem           ; zero out $89 thru $A2
	BEQ  ResetField         ; Unconditional branch
	;
NoNewGM LDY  #$02               ; Assume score to be drawn
	LDA  GameTimer          ; If game in play (GameOn=$FF) AND
	AND  GameOn             ; GameTimer < 7/8 finished @ $F0,
	CMP  #$F0               ; draw the score unconditionally.
	BCC  SCdrawn
	LDA  CLOCK              ; CLOCK used to flash score near end
	AND  #$30               ; of play, note the peripheral synchronization
	BNE  SCdrawn            ; with GameTimer's timing of the game, which
	                        ; always ends when CLOCK & $3F = 0.  CLOCK
	                        ; is used here because the score blink
	                        ; off duty cycle is a too quick for
	                        ; GameTimer to handle, being about 1/3 sec.
	LDY  #$0E               ; Set this for no score
SCdrawn STY  KLskip             ; where the Kernal will find it
	LDA  CLOCK
	AND  #$3F               ; CLOCK also used to slow debounce reset
	BNE  ChkSel
	;
	; GameTimer is incremented and SelDbnce reset when
	; CLOCK & $3F = 0.  This occurs 1 frame out of 64 or
	; about once/second.  Thus the game is 128*64 frames
	; or about 2 minutes long.
	;
	STA  SelDbnce           ; Reset Select Debounce Flag.  This is
	                        ; what keeps incrementing the selection
	                        ; if you hold Select down for a long time.
	INC  GameTimer          ; increment the Main Game ~1-sec Timer.
	BNE  ChkSel             ; if GameTimer rolls over,
	STA  GameOn             ; zero GameOn -- game over
	;
ChkSel  LDA  SWCHB              ; Select button???
	AND  #$02
	BEQ  SelDown
	STA  SelDbnce           ; Set flag: Sel has not been down
	BNE  CS_RTS             ; Unconditional branch
	;
SelDown BIT  SelDbnce           ; If Sel has been down,
	BMI  CS_RTS		; don't select a new game.
	;
	INC  BINvar             ; SELECT: Go to next game.
ClrGam  LDX  #$DF               ; Clear data from current game ($82-$A2)
ClrGRST JSR  ClearMem
	LDA  #$FF
	STA  SelDbnce           ; Set flag: Sel has been down.
	LDY  BINvar
	LDA  VARMAP,Y           ; Get feature bits for this variation.
	STA  GAMVAR
	EOR  #$FF               ; #$FF signifies end of variations
	BNE  SelGO              ; Not at end yet, set up new game
	LDX  #$DD		; Clear $80-$A2; resets BINvar, BCDvar
	BNE  ClrGRST            ; so we start over. BNE is unconditional.
	;
SelGO	LDA  BCDvar		; Since we have incremented BINvar, we
	SED                     ; must increment BCDvar in BCD to keep
	CLC                     ; it in sync. Note BCDvar is actually
	ADC  #1                 ; BinVar+1, since it's incremented when
	STA  BCDvar             ; we reset but don't increment BINvar.
	STA  SCORE              ; Display variation as score 0
	CLD
	BIT  GAMVAR             ; GAMSHP was reset at ClrGam...
	BPL  ResetField         ; if this is a plane game,
	INC  GAMSHP             ; increase GAMSHP.
	BVC  ResetField         ; if this is a jet game,
	INC  GAMSHP             ; increase GAMSHP further still.
	;
	; Branches here when game is started, too.
	;
ResetField 
	JSR  InitPF
	;
	; Assuming plane game for now, we set the right player
	; at a slightly higher position than the left player,
	; and the position of the right player is irrelevant.
	;
	LDA  #50
	STA  TankY1
	LDA  #134
	STA  TankY0
	BIT  GAMVAR             ; Check to see if it is a tank game.
	BMI  CS_RTS             ; Nope, bail.
	                        ; It is a tank game, so
	STA  TankY1             ; Right tank has same Y value,
	STA  RESP1              ; and tank is at opposite side.
	LDA  #$08
	STA  DIRECTN+1          ; and right player faces left.
	LDA  #$20
	STA  HMP0
	STA  HMP1
	STA  WSYNC
	STA  HMOVE
CS_RTS	RTS  


; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; SCoRe OffseT
;
; Convert BCD scores to score pattern offset.
; This involves the horrible, horrible implications
; involved in multiplying by five.
;
; If it weren't for the geniuses at NMOS using BCD,
; this routine would be a nightmare.
;
; This routine starts with Player 1, writes bytes 1 & 3 of
; the table, then decrements X to write bytes 0 & 2 for P0.
;
SCROT	LDX  #$01
SCROT0	LDA  SCORE,X
	AND  #$0F               ; Lo nibble
	STA  TEMP
	ASL                     ; *2
	ASL                     ; *4
	CLC
	ADC  TEMP               ; + original * 1 = original * 5
	STA  SCROFF,X
	LDA  SCORE,X
	AND  #$F0               ; Repeat for hi nibble.  Starts *16
	LSR                     ; *8
	LSR                     ; *4
	STA  TEMP
	LSR                     ; *2
	LSR                     ; *1
	CLC  
	ADC  TEMP               ; + (*4) = original * 5
	STA  SCROFF+2,X
	DEX  
	BPL  SCROT0             ;Decrement & repeat once for P0
	RTS  

; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; SeTuP Motion for PLayers
;
; Apply horizontal and vertical motion
;
STPMPL	BIT  GUIDED
	BVC  STPnoMG            ; Branch if not machine gun game.
	LDA  #$30               ; (Machine gun bullets move faster)
	BPL  STPMG              ; Unconditional JMP.
STPnoMG	LDA  #$20
STPMG	STA  XoffBase           ; $30=machine gun, $20=normal
	LDX  #$03
	JSR  STPM               ; Do the honors for X=3, Missile 1
	DEX
	JSR  STPM               ; Now X=2, M0
	;
	DEX                     ; Now X=1, P1; we will DEX and loop
STPnext LDA  FwdTimer,X         ; back to run this code block again
	AND  #$08               ; with X=0 for P0.
	LSR                     ; (to 4) This bit on means FwdTimer has
	LSR                     ; (to 2) run half of the FwdTimer period
                                ; ($F0 to $FF and roll)
	                        ; This bit will index MVadjA or MVadjB
	STX  TEMP1              ; Player # --> TEMP1
	CLC  
	ADC  TEMP1
	TAY                     ; Player # + FwdTimer half done*2 --> Y
	LDA  MVadjA,Y           ; And retrieve MVadjA or MVadjB via Y
	;
	SEC                     ; assume bit 7 on
	BMI  STP7set            ; OK, it is
	CLC                     ; whoops, backtrack
STP7set ROL                     ; carry=bit 7, now ROL; net effect is to
	;                       ; rotate left inserting duplicate MSB
	STA  MVadjA,Y           ; instead of original Carry, and save it
	BCC  STPnoV             ; Skip next code block if bit wasn't 1
	;
	LDA  MPace,X            ; Tweak velocity by changing XoffBase
	AND  #$01               ; but only every other time we get here
	ASL
	ASL   
	ASL   
	ASL   
	STA  XoffBase           ; XoffBase=$0 or $10 via (MPace & 1) << 4
	JSR  STPM               ; Note this is where we INC MPace
STPnoV
	DEX                     ; Move to _previous_ player.
	BEQ  STPnext            ; Stop if about to do player -1.  :)
	RTS  
;
; This routine will move both tanks and missiles.
; Special cases are made for missiles, which are
; otherwise treated as players 2 and 3.
;
; It doesn't change the X register, but it does
; utilize it.
;
STPM    INC  MPace,X
	LDA  DIRECTN,X
	AND  #$0F
	CLC  
	ADC  XoffBase         ; Pick table offset by game condition
	TAY  
	LDA  Xoffsets,Y	      ; X-offset by orientation.
	STA  XOFFS            ; Store the default HMPV code.
	BIT  PF_PONG
	BVS  STPgo            ; Branch if (fast) Pong missiles
	LDA  DIRECTN,X
	SEC  
	SBC  #$02             ; If motion is near X or Y axis,
	AND  #$03
	BNE  STPgo            ; don't apply delay
	LDA  MPace,X          ; but if very diagonal, slow a bit by
	AND  #$03             ; moving only 3 of every 4 frames
	BNE  STPgo            ; 
	LDA  #$08             ; HMPV for no motion X or Y
	STA  XOFFS            ; no motion this frame
STPgo   LDA  XOFFS
	;
	; (This falls through, but PhMove is also called from elsewhere)
	;
	; Physically move a tank (0,1) or missile (2,3)
	; according to the HMPV code in A
	;
PhMove  STA  HMP0,X             ; Hi nibble sets HMPx horizontal motion
	AND  #$0F               ; Lo nibble...
	SEC  
	SBC  #$08               ; less 8 for 2's complement 4-bit...
	STA  $D4                ; (save this offset)
	CLC  
	ADC  TankY0,X           ; add to Y-coordinate
	BIT  GAMVAR
	BMI  PhNoTank           ; Branch if a plane game.
	CPX  #$02
	BCS  PhNoWrap           ; Branch if moving a tank player
PhNoTank
	CMP  #$DB               ; Perform vertical wrap-around
	BCS  PhNoWrapTop        ; branch if over top (wrap)
	CMP  #$25
	BCS  PhNoWrap           ; branch if over bottom (no wrap)
PhNoWrapTop
	LDA  #$D9               ; Assume we wrapped bottom to top
	BIT  $D4                ; Meaning offset was negative
	BMI  PhNoWrap
	LDA  #$28               ; Otherwise, we wrapped top to bottom
PhNoWrap
	STA  TankY0,X           ; The tank/missile is moved here.
	CPX  #$02
	BCS  PhnoVD             ; Skip if moving a missile.
	STA  VDELP0,X           ; Vertical Delay Player X...
PhnoVD	RTS  


; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; ROTate player sprites
;
; This subroutine sets up the sprite data for each player by copying
; them into sixteen bytes of RAM. 
; 
; The X-register starts at $0E plus player number and goes down by two 
; each time through the loop, until it hits zero.  This way, after calling 
; this subroutine twice, every even-numbered byte contains the left player 
; shape, and every odd-numbered byte contains the right player shape.  Since 
; each player is updated every two scanlines, this saves us some math.
;
; Only the first 180 degrees of rotation has been drawn into ROM.  In the
; case of the other 180 degrees, this subroutine renders a flipped version
; by doing the following:
;
; 1. It sets the TIA's reflection flag for that player, taking care of 
;    the horizontal aspect rather easily.
;
; 2. It copies the bytes into memory last-to-first instead of first-to-
;    last, using the carry bit as a flag for which to do.
;
ROT	LDA  #$01               ; The LO byte of CLOCK used to
	AND  CLOCK              ; select alternate players on
	TAX                     ; alternate frames
	LDA  DIRECTN,X
	STA  REFP0,X            ; Step 1 taken care of.
	AND  #$0F
	TAY                     ; Y = DIRECTN[X] & 0x0F.
	BIT  GUIDED     
	BPL  ROTnoGM            ; If it's a guided missile game,
	STY  DIRECTN+2,X        ; copy player bearings to missile
ROTnoGM TXA                     ; X ^= $0E,
	EOR  #$0E
	TAX 
	TYA  
	ASL   
	ASL   
	ASL   
	CMP  #$3F               ; And so step 2 begins...
	CLC  
	BMI  ROTnoFlip          ; Branch if <180 deg.
	SEC
	EOR  #$47    ;The EOR sets bits 0-2, and clears bit 4
	;             to subtract 180 degrees from the memory
	;             pointer, too.
ROTnoFlip TAY  
	;
	;Put all the shapes where they ought to be.
	;
ROTnext	LDA  (SHAPES),Y
	STA  HIRES,X
	BCC  ROTinc 
	DEY                     ; Decrement instead of increment
	DEY                     ; plus cancel the upcoming INY.
ROTinc	INY                     ; More of step 2.
	DEX  
	DEX                     ; X-=2.
	BPL  ROTnext            ; Do for both, 1 then 0 then stop.
	RTS  


; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; CHecK joystick SWitches
;
; If we are in the interval while a loser's tank is stirring,
; he stirs and the winner freezes or goes forward.  Otherwise,
; parse the joystick inputs and move the tanks appropriately.
;
CHKSW	LDA  StirTimer          ; We must dec StirTimer by 2
	SEC                     ; since bit 0 is identity of
	SBC  #$02               ; the stirree
	BCC  NoStir             ; If no tank is exploding,
	                        ; parse joystick instead.
	STA  StirTimer
	CMP  #$02
	BCC  StirRTS            ; RTS if tank has
	                        ; just finished exploding.
	AND  #$01               ; Stir the LOSER's tank.
	TAX  
	;One of these is the tank's bearings.
	INC  DIRECTN,X
	LDA  XColor0,X
	STA  Color0,X
	LDA  StirTimer
	CMP  #$F7               ; We only rush the tank for a
	BCC  NoStirRush         ; small part of the stir interval
	JSR  RushTank
NoStirRush
	LDA  StirTimer
	BPL  StirRTS            ; Don't start decrementing
	                        ; volume until halfway through.
	LSR   
	LSR                     ; StirTimer scales audio volume
	LSR                     ; 
BoomSnd	STA  AUDV0,X            ; Set explosion sound to volume in A
	LDA  #$08               ; and pitch according to player X
	STA  AUDC0,X
	LDA  AudPitch,X
	STA  AUDF0,X
StirRTS	RTS
;
; Process joysticks.
;
NoStir  LDX  #$01              ; Start with P1
	LDA  SWCHB             ; Console switches.
	STA  DIFSWCH           ; Store switches.  Before we return
	                       ; via DEX to do P0, we will ASL this
	                       ; byte so difficulty bit for working
	                       ; player appears in bit 7.
	LDA  SWCHA             ; Joysticks. Before we return via
	                       ; DEX to do P0, we will reload and
	                       ; LSR this 4 times so controls for
	                       ; the working player appear in the
NextPJS	BIT  GameOn            ; LO nibble.
	BMI  NoFreezeJS        ; Branch if game on (via bit 7).
	LDA  #$FF              ; Freeze all joystick movement.
NoFreezeJS
	EOR  #$FF              ; Reverse all bits
	AND  #$0F              ; Keep low four bits (working player)
	;
	; At this point, the joystick's switches are in
	; the A-register, with a bit set wherever the
	; joystick is pointed.
	;
	; Bit 0 = up    Bit 1 = down
	; Bit 2 = left  Bit 3 = right
	;
	STA  TEMP
	LDY  GAMSHP
	LDA  CtrlBase,Y         ; Account for two-dimensional array
	CLC  
	ADC  TEMP
	TAY  
	LDA  CTRLTBL,Y
	AND  #$0F               ; Get rotation from CTRLTBL.
	STA  TEMP1              ; Stash it here
	BEQ  NoTurn             ; Branch if no turn.
	CMP  LastTurn,X         ; If new turn is different direction
	BNE  TurnReset          ; from last turn, reset the...
NoTurn  DEC  TurnTimer,X        ; ...turn pacing delay and...
	BNE  DoFwdMotion        ; ...inhibit turn this interval.
TurnReset                       ; We do turn-wait counts even when
	STA  LastTurn,X         ; we aren't turning, for consistency
	LDA  #$0F               ; Initial countdown value to delay
	STA  TurnTimer,X        ; 22.5-degree turns
	;
	LDA  TEMP1              ; Retrieve rotation code
	CLC                     ; Turn +/- 22.5-degrees or zero,
	ADC  DIRECTN,X          ; per DIRECTN
	STA  DIRECTN,X
	;
	; For reference, we do get here every frame (~60Hz) during game.
	; COMBAT does not change player speed instantaneously; it has
	; an elaborate momentum system, which is just barely noticeable
	; in the course of game play.
	;
DoFwdMotion
	INC  FwdTimer,X         ; Inc FwdTImer and if it doesn't
	BMI  SkipFwdCtrl        ; roll over, don't acknowledge velocity
	LDA  CTRLTBL,Y          ; changes yet
	LSR   
	LSR   
	LSR   
	LSR                     ; Get forward velocity from CTRLTBL
	;
	; This is the desired _final_ velocity of the player.  If
	; it is different from the player's _current_ velocity, we
	; won't reach it until the end of the FwdTimer period.
	;
	BIT  DIFSWCH
	BMI  FwdPro             ; Branch if difficulty="Pro" 
	                        ; (reduces A and branches back to FwdNorm)
FwdNorm	STA  Vtemp,X            ; Stash velocity in Vtemp 
	ASL                     ; Multiply by two
	TAY                     ; Stash in Y.
	LDA  MVtable,Y          ; Indexed by velocity * 2, even
	STA  MVadjA,X           ; V+MVtable goes to MVadjA+X
	INY                     ; Why not LDA MVtable+1,Y?
	LDA  MVtable,Y
	STA  MVadjB,X           ; odd V+MVtable goes to MVadjB+X
	LDA  #$F0               ; Initialize FwdTimer
	STA  FwdTimer,X         ; (Counts up to $00 before fwd
	;                       ; motion change is final)
SkipFwdCtrl
	JSR  ChkVM
	LDA  SWCHA              ; Joysticks..
	LSR   
	LSR   
	LSR   
	LSR                     ; Keep bottom four bits (Left Player)
	ASL  DIFSWCH            ; Use other difficulty switch.
	DEX  
	BEQ  NextPJS 
	RTS  
	;
FwdPro  SEC                     ; Velocity is in A
	SBC  GAMSHP             ; subtract 0/tank, 1/biplane, 2/jet
	BPL  FwdNorm            ; Not obvious, but this is unconditional

; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; Check invisible tank visibility, missile lifetime expiration;
; read trigger if appropriate and launch a new missile
;
ChkVM   LDA  GAMVAR
	BMI  NoInvis            ; Branch if plane game
	AND  #$01               ; check also for bit 0 (invisible).
	BEQ  NoInvis
	LDA  ColorBK            ; Make invisible tank invisible
	STA  Color0,X
NoInvis	LDA  MisLife,X
	BEQ  RdTrig             ; Branch if no missile in flight
	LDA  XColor0,X          ; Reset tank to normal color
	STA  Color0,X
	LDA  MisLife,X          ; How long does missile have to go?
	CMP  #$07
	BCC  MisKill            ; Branch to go ahead and kill it
	BIT  DIFSWCH            ; Check difficulty
	BPL  MisEZ              ; If game is hard,
	CMP  #$1C               ; Compare mislife to this
	BCC  MisKill            ; and expire it early.
MisEZ   CMP  #$30               ; If MisLife < 30 do motor
	BCC  MotMis             ; do motor, not shot sound
	CMP  #$37               ; If MisLife >= 37
	BCS  MisFly             ; do sliding boom sound (shot)
	BIT  GUIDED
	BVC  MisFly             ; Branch if machine gun.
MisKill LDA  #$00               ; Reset missile's life, killing it
	STA  MisLife,X
	LDA  #$FF               ; And reset its position
ResRTS  STA  RESMP0,X           ; to player.
	RTS  
	;
	; If game in progress, Read the trigger
	;
RdTrig  BIT  GameOn             ; Branch if no game on
	BPL  RDnoGame           ; (via bit 7 being clear)
	LDA  INPT4,X            ; Read Input (Trigger) X.
	BPL  Launch             ; unconditional branch -- Launch missile
	;
RDnoGame
	JSR  MOTORS
	JMP  MisKill

MotMis  JSR  MOTORS
	JMP  MisAge

MisFly  LDA  AltSnd,X
	BEQ  MisBoom
	JSR  MOTORS
	LDA  #$30
	STA  MisLife,X
	JMP  MisAge
;
MisBoom	LDA  MisLife,X
	JSR  BoomSnd
MisAge	LDA  CLOCK            ; Missile aging rate depends on type
	AND  #$03
	BEQ  MisDec           ; Only do this test 3/4 of the time
	BIT  BILLIARD
	BVS  MisDSkp          ; branch if Billiard (must bounce before hit)
	BIT  PF_PONG
	BVC  BMisDec          ; branch if not Pong game (PF_PONG bit 6)
	AND  #$01             ; Upshot of this is, in non-billiard Pong
	BNE  MisDSkp          ; game, missiles last about twice as long
MisDec  DEC  MisLife,X        ; I'm getting older!
MisDSkp	LDA  #$00
	BEQ  ResRTS           ; Unconditional -- DO NOT Reset missile to tank
	;                     ; (we'd need $02 on to do that) but RTS
	;
	; Launch a missile
	;
Launch	LDA  #$3F
	STA  MisLife,X          ; Init MisLife to $3F
	SEC  
	LDA  TankY0,X           ; Copy Y-position... Tank Y-position points
	                        ; to top of sprite, but missile is launched
	SBC  #$06               ; from its center 6 scanlines down.
	STA  MissileY0,X
	LDA  DIRECTN,X          ; Copy player bearing to missile.
	STA  DIRECTN+2,X
	LDA  #$1F
	STA  BounceCount,X      ; Init BounceCount to $1F
	LDA  #$00
	STA  MxPFcount,X        ; Reset MxPFcount
	JMP  MisFly             ; Proceed w/missile in flight

; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; This routine generates engine or Pong sound as appropriate.
;
MOTORS	LDA  AltSnd,X
	BEQ  DOMOTOR
	; Pong sound.
	LDA  #$04
	STA  AUDC0,X
	LDA  #$07
	STA  AUDV0,X
	LDA  BounceCount,X  
	STA  AUDF0,X
	RTS  
	; Engine sound.
DOMOTOR	LDY  GAMSHP
	LDA  SNDV,Y
	AND  GameOn             ; Kills sound if no game on by ANDing
	STA  AUDV0,X            ; volume value w/$00 no-game value
	LDA  SNDC,Y
	STA  AUDC0,X
	CLC  
	LDA  #$00
MOPIT0  DEY                     ; This loop sets start value for sound
	BMI  MOPIT1             ; pitch based on GAMSHP in Y (tank,
	ADC  #$0C               ; biplane, or jet)
	BPL  MOPIT0
MOPIT1  ADC  Vtemp,X            ; Use saved velocity to adjust
	TAY                     ; sound pitch via SNDP table
	TXA  
	ASL   
	ADC  SNDP,Y
	STA  AUDF0,X
	RTS  

; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; COLISion check
;
; 150 lines of angel-hair spaghetti code
;
; Check to see whether, during all that drawing,
; a missile hit one of the tanks, or a tank hit
; the wall or the other tank, and if so let
; the consequences fall.
;
COLIS	LDX  #$01               ; Do first for P1, DEX, P0, etc.
COLnext LDA  CXM0P,X
	BPL  COLnoHit           ; No missile collision
	BIT  BILLIARD
	BVC  COLDET             ; Not Billiard game, go ahead & do it
	LDA  BounceCount,X
	CMP  #$1F
	BEQ  COLnoHit           ; Billiard 1st bounce not satisfied
	;
	; A touch, a touch!  I do confess.
	;
COLDET	INC  DIRECTN,X  ; Turn both tanks 22.5 degrees.
	INC  DIRECTN+2,X
	;
	; Increase player's score. A simple INC SCORE,X
	; won't do because we're doing it in BCD.
	;
	SED  
	LDA  SCORE,X
	CLC  
	ADC  #$01
	STA  SCORE,X
	CLD  
	TXA  
	CLC  
	ADC  #$FD
	STA  StirTimer
	;
	; Now StirTimer contains loser's ID in bit 0,
	; victor's ID in bit 1, and set bits 2-7.
	; Bit 1 ID is never used, and just creates a
	; slight, unnoticeable difference in stir time.
	;
	LDA  #$FF
	STA  RESMP0           ; Reset both missiles.
	STA  RESMP1
	LDA  #$00
	STA  AUDV0,X          ; Turn off the victor's engine.
	STA  MisLife          ; clear MisLife (no missile)
	STA  $9A              ; and 9A.
	RTS  
	;
	; We didn't just end the game, so we deal with some
	; sound and bounce logic
	;
COLnoHit
	BIT  GAMVAR
	BPL  COLTNK             ; Branch if a tank game.
	JMP  COLPD              ; Skip this code if NOT a tank game
COLTNK	LDA  AltSnd,X
	BEQ  COLnoAlt
	CMP  #$04               ; See if alt sound has played out
	INC  AltSnd,X           ; Increment if it has not
	BCC  COLnoAlt
	LDA  #$00               ; if played out, reset to 0 "no alt sound"
	STA  AltSnd,X
COLnoAlt
	LDA  CXM0FB,X           ; Missile collision with playfield?
	BMI  COLMPF             ; If true, bounce or obliterate...
	LDA  #$00
	STA  MxPFcount,X        ; ...else clear MxPFcount
	JMP  COLTCK
;
COLMPF	BIT  PF_PONG
	BVC  COLMISX            ; Branch if not Pong (bit 6 clear)
	;
	LDA  MxPFcount,X        ; It's Pong, so we bounce
	BNE  COLMPFX            ; Branch if collision is already ongoing
	INC  AltSnd,X           ; NEW COLLISION, set alt sound flag
	DEC  BounceCount,X
	LDA  DIRECTN+2,X        ; First try at reflecting
	STA  OldMisDir,X        ; Stash current missile heading
	EOR  #$FF               ; reverse heading by complement,
	STA  DIRECTN+2,X        ; then increment=additive inverse
	INC  DIRECTN+2,X        ; same as subtracting from zero
	LDA  DIRECTN+2,X        ; check new heading
	AND  #$03               ; See if it's moving exactly N,S,E, or W
	BNE  COLXY0
	INC  DIRECTN+2,X        ; and add 22.5 degrees if so
COLXY0	JMP  COLMPFdone
;
; I always wondered how this works.  Stella does not know the
; orientation of the wall that was hit, so this is how it
; reflects:
;
; Immediately after a collision, it tries a vertical reflection,
; jiggering the result so that it won't be exactly vertical or
; exactly horizontal.
;
; If this is the next frame (MxPFcount=$01) that failed, so
; we reverse direction 180 degrees to turn it into a horizontal
; reflection.
;
; On MxPfcount=$02 we take no action, since the missile may need
; the cycle to re-emerge from a wall.
;
; On MxPFcount=$03 or higher, we retrieve the original heading and
; turn it 180 degrees, assuming a corner reflection.  And we keep
; applying this same bearing until it's out of the #*%@ wall.
;
COLMPFX	CMP  #$01               ; branch if
	BEQ  Rev180             ; exactly 1 previous collision frame
	CMP  #$03               ; branch if
	BCC  COLMPFdone         ; less than 3 collision frames
	BNE  COLMPFdone         ; or more than three
	LDA  OldMisDir,X        ; retrieve pre-bounce missile heading
	JMP  Bump180            ; and reverse it 180 degrees
;
; Exactly 1 previous collision:  Do a 180-degree reversal, meaning
; 90 degrees the *other* way from our initial course.
;
Rev180  LDA  DIRECTN+2,X        ; Here to add 180 degrees
Bump180	CLC                     ; Here to add A to missile dir
	ADC  #$08
	STA  DIRECTN+2,X
	JMP  COLMPFdone
	;
COLMISX	LDA  #$01               ; If it's not Pong, we come here and
	STA  MisLife,X          ; set the missile's life to 1 to kill it.
	;
COLMPFdone                      ; When we're done, increase collision
	INC  MxPFcount,X        ; frame count & move on.
	;
	; Check for tank collisions
	;
COLTCK  LDA  CXP0FB,X
	BMI  COLTW              ; check if tank collided with a wall.
	LDA  CXPPMM             ; check for a tank-tank collision.
	BPL  COLTCLR            ; branch if NO tank collisions at all
COLTW	LDA  StirTimer          ; See if we are stirring a tank
	CMP  #$02
	BCC  COLTnk1            ; No, branch & block
	JSR  RushTank           ; We are stirring, send it scooting
	;
COLTCLR	LDA  #$03               ; No tank collision, reset counter
	STA  COLcount,X
	BNE  COLPD              ; unconditional branch, player done
	;
COLTnk1	DEC  COLcount,X         ; Tank colliding
	BMI  COLbonk            ; COLcount rolled, ignore collision
	LDA  Vtemp,X
	BEQ  COLPD              ; No boink if velocity=0, player done
	BNE  COLreverse         ; else skip INC, needed for elsewhere
	;              
COLbonk	INC  DIRECTN,X          ; Jigger direction 22.5 for disorientation
COLreverse
	LDA  DIRECTN,X 
	CLC  
	ADC  #$08               ; Add 180 degrees to direction
	JSR  BumpTank           ; to bump tank back
	;
	; COLIS Player Done
	;
COLPD   DEX  
	BMI  COLrts     ;Return if X<0.
	JMP  COLnext    ;Else do the other player
COLrts  RTS  
	;
	; Bump the tank in the direction 
	; the other player's missile is moving
	;
RushTank
	TXA  
	EOR  #$01               ; Get OTHER player #
	TAY                     ; in Y
	LDA  DIRECTN+2,Y        ; OTHER player Missile's Direction
	;
	; Bump the tank in the direction of a standard
	; 22.5-degree bearing code
	;
BumpTank
	AND  #$0F
	TAY  
	LDA  HDGTBL,Y ;Nove 
	JSR  PhMove   ;Move object in that direction.
	LDA  #$00
	STA  MVadjA,X
	STA  MVadjB,X
	STA  FwdTimer,X  ;Stop it dead in its tracks....
	LDA  XColor0,X
	STA  Color0,X
	RTS  

; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; This was probably a toplevel routine early in development,
; but ended up getting called from GSGRCK. It sets everything
; up to draw the playfield based on the current game selection.
;
InitPF	LDX  GAMSHP             ; 0=tank, 1=biplane, 2=jet
	LDA  SPRLO,X            ; Set up base pointer to all
	STA  SHAPES             ; sprite shapes which will
	LDA  SPRHI,X            ; be used in this game.
	STA  SHAPES+1
	;
	LDA  GAMVAR             ; Now set up PF_PONG and playfield type
	LSR   
	LSR   
	AND  #$03               ; bits 0,1=maze (playfield) type.
	TAX                     ; send it to X.
	LDA  GAMVAR
	BPL  IFgo               ; Branch not plane game, PF_PONG=GAMVAR
	AND  #$08               ; Test for clouds
	BEQ  IF80               ; Branch if no clouds
	LDX  #$03               ; change "maze type" in X to 3 ("clouds")
	BPL  IFskip             ; Unconditional skip to next test,
	                        ; leaving PF_PONG set to 0.
IF80    LDA  #$80               ; Change PF_PONG to #$80
	                        ; (enable playfield, no Pong)
IFgo    STA  PF_PONG            ; store GAMVAR or #$80 in PF_PONG.
IFskip  LDA  GAMVAR             ; Next test..
	ASL   
	ASL                     ; Do this again....
	BIT  GAMVAR 
	BMI  IFnoPlane          ; Branch if a plane game.
	STA  WSYNC              ; This MUST be something that dropped
	                        ; through the cracks, there is NO reason!
	STA  BILLIARD           ; Store GAMVAR*4 in 84 (bit 6 = Billiard Hit)
	AND  #$80               ; IF it's a tank game.
IFnoPlane
	STA  GUIDED             ; set guided missile flag.
	;
	; GUIDED is ZERO if a tank game
	; it is negative if a guided missile game,
	; it is overflowed if a machine gun game.
	; (Inapplicable in tank games, hence the
	; previous branch trick)
	;
	LDA  #>PF0_0            ; Store page of first PF map
	STA  LORES+1            ; as high order byte
	STA  LORES+3            ; for all of these pointers,
	STA  LORES+5            ; 'cause that's where it is.
	;
	; Store the proper offsets for each column of
	; playfield from the vectors given
	;
	LDA  PLFPNT,X
	STA  RESP0              ; Reset player 0 while we're at it.
	STA  LORES 
	LDA  PLFPNT+4,X
	STA  LORES+2
	LDA  PLFPNT+8,X
	STA  LORES+4
	RTS  

; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; LoaD STELla
;
; Set the number and size of player sprites, color, and
; disable the joysticks if game is not in play
;
LDSTEL	LDA  GAMVAR
	AND  #$87
	BMI  LDmult
	;
	; If bit 7 is set, we are playing with one or more
	; planes.  If not, well, we can only have one tank,
	; so...
	;
	LDA  #$00
LDmult	ASL   
	TAX  
	LDA  WIDTHS,X           ; The TIA's NUSIZ registers make
	STA  NUSIZ0             ; it as easy to play with two or
	LDA  WIDTHS+1,X         ; three planes as it is for one
	STA  NUSIZ1             ; freakin' huge bomber.
	LDA  GAMVAR
	AND  #$C0
	LSR   
	LSR   
	LSR   
	LSR                     ; Our hardware is now in bits 3 and 2.
	TAY                     ; Of the Y-register.
	;
	; Render joysticks immobile if game not in play, and
	; select player and field colors according to Y
	;
	LDA  GameOn             ; Enable joysticks via bit 1
	STA  SWCHB              ; of $FF game-on value
	EOR  #$FF               ; now $FF=no game, $00=game on
	AND  GameTimer          ; Cycle tank colors only when NO
	STA  TEMP1              ; game on (attract mode)
	LDX  #$FF
	LDA  SWCHB
	AND  #$08               ; Color/BW switch
	BNE  LDcolor            ; Branch if set to Color
	LDY  #$10               ; Force B&W colors
	LDX  #$0F
LDcolor	STX  TEMP
	LDX  #$03               ; We loop 3 times to get 4 values
LDcol0	LDA  ColorTbl,Y
	EOR  TEMP1              ; Apply color-cycle if no game on
	AND  TEMP               ; Apply B&W massage 
	STA  COLUP0,X           ; Color the real item.
	STA  Color0,X           ; Color the virtual item.  This can
	                        ; be changd, e.g. invisible tanks
	STA  XColor0,X          ; Color the deep virtual item. This
	                        ; is used to restore ColorX.
	INY  
	DEX  
	BPL  LDcol0
	RTS  
;
; ------------------------------------------------------------
;
; Zero out zero-page memory starting with ($A3+X) MOD $100,
; through $A2 wrapping around at $100.
;
; Calling with:
; X=$5D will clear $00-$A2
; X=$DD will clear $80-$A2
; X=$DF will clear $82-$A2
; X=$E6 will clear $89-$A2
;
; Returns with zero bit set.
;
ClearMem
	LDA  #$00
ClrLoop	INX  
	STA  $A2,X
	BNE  ClrLoop  ;Continue until X rolls over.
	RTS  


;	Patterns for numbers
;
NUMBERS	.byte $0E ; |    XXX | $F5C5   Leading zero is not drawn
	.byte $0A ; |    X X | $F5C6   because it's never used.
	.byte $0A ; |    X X | $F5C7
	.byte $0A ; |    X X | $F5C8
	.byte $0E ; |    XXX | $F5C9
	
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5CA
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5CB
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5CC
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5CD
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5CE
	
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5CF
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5D0
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5D1
	.byte $88 ; |X   X   | $F5D2
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5D3
	
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5D4
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5D5
	.byte $66 ; | XX  XX | $F5D6
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5D7
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5D8
	
	.byte $AA ; |X X X X | $F5D9
	.byte $AA ; |X X X X | $F5DA
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5DB
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5DC
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5DD
	
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5DE
	.byte $88 ; |X   X   | $F5DF
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5E0
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5E1
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5E2
	
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5E3
	.byte $88 ; |X   X   | $F5E4
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5E5
	.byte $AA ; |X X X X | $F5E6
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5E7
	
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5E8
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5E9
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5EA
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5EB
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5EC
	
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5ED
	.byte $AA ; |X X X X | $F5EE
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5EF
	.byte $AA ; |X X X X | $F5F0
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5F1
	
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5F2
	.byte $AA ; |X X X X | $F5F3
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5F4
	.byte $22 ; |  X   X | $F5F5
	.byte $EE ; |XXX XXX | $F5F6
;
; Horizontal and vertical offsets for movement by orientation.
; Basic table is $10 bytes long (22.5-degree increments), but
; XoffBase is added to it to alter for game options.  High
; nibble is raw HMPx value for horizontal offset, low nibble
; is vertical offset in scan lines.
;
Xoffsets

	.BYTE  $F8 ,$F7 ,$F6 ,$06    ;XoffBase=0
	.BYTE  $06 ,$06 ,$16 ,$17
	.BYTE  $18 ,$19 ,$1A ,$0A
	.BYTE  $0A ,$0A ,$FA ,$F9

	.BYTE  $F8 ,$F7 ,$F6 ,$F6    ;XoffBase=$10
	.BYTE  $06 ,$16 ,$16 ,$17
	.BYTE  $18 ,$19 ,$1A ,$1A
	.BYTE  $0A ,$FA ,$FA ,$F9

	.BYTE  $E8 ,$E6 ,$E4 ,$F4    ;XoffBase=$20
	.BYTE  $04 ,$14 ,$24 ,$26    ;normal missiles
	.BYTE  $28 ,$2A ,$2C ,$1C
	.BYTE  $0C ,$FC ,$EC ,$EA

; This Xoffsets entry is also used directly for "bumping"
; a player after a hit or to back away from playfield collision
;
HDGTBL	.BYTE  $C8 ,$C4 ,$C0 ,$E0    ;XoffBase=$30
	.BYTE  $00 ,$20 ,$40 ,$44    ;machine guns, "bump"
	.BYTE  $48 ,$4C ,$4F ,$2F
	.BYTE  $0F ,$EF ,$CF ,$CC
;
; Player velocity momentum adjustments.  Table of two-byte
; entries, indexed by player's desired final velocity.  Even
; locations go to MVadjA to be applied during the first half of
; the FwdTimer cycle, and odd locations goe to MVadjB to be
; applied during the second half.
;
; During each half, the byte is rotated left one bit; if
; the bit which emerges is 1, XoffBase is tweaked by $10 
; to adjust the velocity for that frame only.  Since FwdTimer
; goes through 16 cycles or 2 8-bit halves in its course from,
; $F0 to $00, this gives us a bitwise "adjust this frame" flag
; for each frame in the course of FwdTimer's run.  This is
; used to obscure the suddenness of transition from one
; velocity to another.
;
; The adjustment is only done once for each two ON bits
; since the MPace 1 bit is used for the adjustment, and
; MPace is INCed in the same code block that does the
; tweak.  The tweak consists of replacing whatever XoffBase
; the final velocity calls for with $10, an intermediate value.
;
MVtable	.BYTE  $00 ,$00
	.BYTE  $80 ,$80
	.BYTE  $84 ,$20
	.BYTE  $88 ,$88
	.BYTE  $92 ,$48
	.BYTE  $A4 ,$A4
	.BYTE  $A9 ,$52
	.BYTE  $AA ,$AA
	.BYTE  $D5 ,$AA
	.BYTE  $DA ,$DA
	.BYTE  $DB ,$6D
	.BYTE  $EE ,$EE
;
; These are all the sprite shapes.
; The most I suspect any of you will do is
; modify these.  And/or the number shapes.
;
TankShape
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F64F
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F650
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F651
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F652
       .byte $3F ; |  XXXXXX| $F653
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F654
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F655
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F656
       
       .byte $1C ; |   XXX  | $F657
       .byte $78 ; | XXXX   | $F658
       .byte $FB ; |XXXXX XX| $F659
       .byte $7C ; | XXXXX  | $F65A
       .byte $1C ; |   XXX  | $F65B
       .byte $1F ; |   XXXXX| $F65C
       .byte $3E ; |  XXXXX | $F65D
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F65E

       .byte $19 ; |   XX  X| $F65F
       .byte $3A ; |  XXX X | $F660
       .byte $7C ; | XXXXX  | $F661
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F662
       .byte $DF ; |XX XXXXX| $F663
       .byte $0E ; |    XXX | $F664
       .byte $1C ; |   XXX  | $F665
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F666
       
       .byte $24 ; |  X  X  | $F667
       .byte $64 ; | XX  X  | $F668
       .byte $79 ; | XXXX  X| $F669
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F66A
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F66B
       .byte $4E ; | X  XXX | $F66C
       .byte $0E ; |    XXX | $F66D
       .byte $04 ; |     X  | $F66E
       
       .byte $08 ; |    X   | $F66F
       .byte $08 ; |    X   | $F670
       .byte $6B ; | XX X XX| $F671
       .byte $7F ; | XXXXXXX| $F672
       .byte $7F ; | XXXXXXX| $F673
       .byte $7F ; | XXXXXXX| $F674
       .byte $63 ; | XX   XX| $F675
       .byte $63 ; | XX   XX| $F676
       
       .byte $24 ; |  X  X  | $F677
       .byte $26 ; |  X  XX | $F678
       .byte $9E ; |X  XXXX | $F679
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F67A
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F67B
       .byte $72 ; | XXX  X | $F67C
       .byte $70 ; | XXX    | $F67D
       .byte $20 ; |  X     | $F67E
       
       .byte $98 ; |X  XX   | $F67F
       .byte $5C ; | X XXX  | $F680
       .byte $3E ; |  XXXXX | $F681
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F682
       .byte $FB ; |XXXXX XX| $F683
       .byte $70 ; | XXX    | $F684
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F685
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F686
       
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F687
       .byte $1E ; |   XXXX | $F688
       .byte $DF ; |XX XXXXX| $F689
       .byte $3E ; |  XXXXX | $F68A
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F68B
       .byte $F8 ; |XXXXX   | $F68C
       .byte $7C ; | XXXXX  | $F68D
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F68E

JetShape
       .byte $60 ; | XX     | $F68F
       .byte $70 ; | XXX    | $F690
       .byte $78 ; | XXXX   | $F691
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F692
       .byte $78 ; | XXXX   | $F693
       .byte $70 ; | XXX    | $F694
       .byte $60 ; | XX     | $F695
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F696
       
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F697
       .byte $C1 ; |XX     X| $F698
       .byte $FE ; |XXXXXXX | $F699
       .byte $7C ; | XXXXX  | $F69A
       .byte $78 ; | XXXX   | $F69B
       .byte $30 ; |  XX    | $F69C
       .byte $30 ; |  XX    | $F69D
       .byte $30 ; |  XX    | $F69E
       
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F69F
       .byte $03 ; |      XX| $F6A0
       .byte $06 ; |     XX | $F6A1
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F6A2
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F6A3
       .byte $3C ; |  XXXX  | $F6A4
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6A5
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6A6
       
       .byte $02 ; |      X | $F6A7
       .byte $04 ; |     X  | $F6A8
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6A9
       .byte $1C ; |   XXX  | $F6AA
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F6AB
       .byte $FC ; |XXXXXX  | $F6AC
       .byte $1E ; |   XXXX | $F6AD
       .byte $06 ; |     XX | $F6AE
       
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F6AF
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F6B0
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F6B1
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F6B2
       .byte $7C ; | XXXXX  | $F6B3
       .byte $FE ; |XXXXXXX | $F6B4
       .byte $FE ; |XXXXXXX | $F6B5
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F6B6
       
       .byte $40 ; | X      | $F6B7
       .byte $20 ; |  X     | $F6B8
       .byte $30 ; |  XX    | $F6B9
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F6BA
       .byte $3F ; |  XXXXXX| $F6BB
       .byte $3F ; |  XXXXXX| $F6BC
       .byte $78 ; | XXXX   | $F6BD
       .byte $60 ; | XX     | $F6BE
       
       .byte $40 ; | X      | $F6BF
       .byte $60 ; | XX     | $F6C0
       .byte $3F ; |  XXXXXX| $F6C1
       .byte $1F ; |   XXXXX| $F6C2
       .byte $1E ; |   XXXX | $F6C3
       .byte $1E ; |   XXXX | $F6C4
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F6C5
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F6C6
       
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F6C7
       .byte $83 ; |X     XX| $F6C8
       .byte $7F ; | XXXXXXX| $F6C9
       .byte $3E ; |  XXXXX | $F6CA
       .byte $1E ; |   XXXX | $F6CB
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6CC
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6CD
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6CE
PlaneShape
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F6CF
       .byte $8E ; |X   XXX | $F6D0
       .byte $84 ; |X    X  | $F6D1
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F6D2
       .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F6D3
       .byte $04 ; |     X  | $F6D4
       .byte $0E ; |    XXX | $F6D5
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F6D6
       
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F6D7
       .byte $0E ; |    XXX | $F6D8
       .byte $04 ; |     X  | $F6D9
       .byte $8F ; |X   XXXX| $F6DA
       .byte $7F ; | XXXXXXX| $F6DB
       .byte $72 ; | XXX  X | $F6DC
       .byte $07 ; |     XXX| $F6DD
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F6DE
       
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F6DF
       .byte $36 ; |  XX XX | $F6E0
       .byte $2E ; |  X XXX | $F6E1
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6E2
       .byte $1F ; |   XXXXX| $F6E3
       .byte $B2 ; |X XX  X | $F6E4
       .byte $E0 ; |XXX     | $F6E5
       .byte $40 ; | X      | $F6E6
       
       .byte $24 ; |  X  X  | $F6E7
       .byte $2C ; |  X XX  | $F6E8
       .byte $5D ; | X XXX X| $F6E9
       .byte $1A ; |   XX X | $F6EA
       .byte $1A ; |   XX X | $F6EB
       .byte $30 ; |  XX    | $F6EC
       .byte $F0 ; |XXXX    | $F6ED
       .byte $60 ; | XX     | $F6EE
       
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F6EF
       .byte $5A ; | X XX X | $F6F0
       .byte $7E ; | XXXXXX | $F6F1
       .byte $5A ; | X XX X | $F6F2
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F6F3
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F6F4
       .byte $18 ; |   XX   | $F6F5
       .byte $78 ; | XXXX   | $F6F6
       
       .byte $34 ; |  XX X  | $F6F7
       .byte $36 ; |  XX XX | $F6F8
       .byte $5A ; | X XX X | $F6F9
       .byte $78 ; | XXXX   | $F6FA
       .byte $2C ; |  X XX  | $F6FB
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6FC
       .byte $06 ; |     XX | $F6FD
       .byte $0C ; |    XX  | $F6FE
       
       .byte $08 ; |    X   | $F6FF
       .byte $6C ; | XX XX  | $F700
       .byte $70 ; | XXX    | $F701
       .byte $B8 ; |X XXX   | $F702
       .byte $DC ; |XX XXX  | $F703
       .byte $4E ; | X  XXX | $F704
       .byte $07 ; |     XXX| $F705
       .byte $06 ; |     XX | $F706
       
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F707
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F708
       .byte $F0 ; |XXXX    | $F709
       .byte $7C ; | XXXXX  | $F70A
       .byte $4F ; | X  XXXX| $F70B
       .byte $E3 ; |XXX   XX| $F70C
       .byte $02 ; |      X | $F70D
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F70E
;
; These are sub-pointers, used to set up the
; two-dimensional array at CTRLTBL.
;
CtrlBase .BYTE  $00 ,$0B ,$16

;
; Two-dimensional array, 12x3.
;
; This array specifies what the joystick does
; in each game.  Looking at it now the format looks
; like this:
;
;   Low nybble = Amount to rotate object (signed)
;                   $00 = Not at all
;                   $01 = Clockwise         (+1)
;                   $0F = Counter-clockwise (-1)
;   High nybble = Speed to move object (unsigned)
;                   $00 = Not moving
;                   $F0 = Warp speed
;
; Observe the $FF's.  Notice how indexing out of bounds with impossible
; joystick movements will cause strange behavior.
;
; Tank movement
;                    UP  DOWN (No reverse)
CTRLTBL .BYTE  $00 ,$10 ,$00 ,$FF
	.BYTE  $01 ,$11 ,$01 ,$FF ;LEFT
	.BYTE  $0F ,$1F ,$0F      ;RIGHT
;
; Biplane movement (This is why controls are sideways)
;                    UP  DOWN
	.BYTE  $50 ,$5F ,$51 ,$FF ;
	.BYTE  $30 ,$3F ,$31 ,$FF ;LEFT
	.BYTE  $70 ,$7F ,$71      ;RIGHT
;
; Jet fighter movement
;                    UP  DOWN
	.BYTE  $90 ,$B0 ,$70 ,$FF ;
	.BYTE  $91 ,$B1 ,$71 ,$FF ;LEFT
	.BYTE  $9F ,$BF ,$7F      ;RIGHT
;
;
; Sound information for different game types.
; Different tools of destruction make different
; sound.
;
; There is some more data below which looks to
; be other information; different machines at
; different speeds.  The pitch table is 3D,
; having 12-entry records for each GAMSHP.
;
;         Tanks Biplane, Jet Fighter
SNDV	.BYTE  $08 ,$02 ,$02 ; sound volumes
SNDC	.BYTE  $02 ,$03 ,$08 ; sound types

SNDP	.BYTE  $1D ,$05 ,$00 ; sound pitches indexed by velocity
	.BYTE  $00 ,$00 ,$00 ; for TANKS
	.BYTE  $00 ,$00 ,$00
	.BYTE  $00 ,$00 ,$00

	.BYTE  $00 ,$00 ,$1D ; for BIPLANES
	.BYTE  $1D ,$16 ,$16
	.BYTE  $0F ,$0F ,$00 
	.BYTE  $00 ,$00 ,$00

	.BYTE  $00 ,$00 ,$00 ; for JETS
	.BYTE  $00 ,$00 ,$12
	.BYTE  $10 ,$10 ,$0C
	.BYTE  $0C ,$07 ,$07
;
; Player widths for various plane games.
; Through the miracle of the Atari 2600's NUSIZ
; register, the difference between a 1 vs. 1 game
; and a Bomber vs. 3 game is contained in just
; two bytes.
;
WIDTHS	.BYTE  $00 ,$00  ;1 vs. 1
	.BYTE  $01 ,$01  ;2 vs. 2
	.BYTE  $00 ,$03  ;1 vs. 3
	.BYTE  $27 ,$03  ;Bomber vs. 3

; Table of color combinations.  Each 4 byte entry specifies
; Player 0, Player1, Playfield, and Background colors.
; (By a not-so-odd coincidence, these 4 color registers are
; addressed consecutively in the same order in the TIA.)
; Table is indexed by the high 2 bits of GAMVAR << 2, or
; forced to +$10 if B&W switch selected.
;
ColorTbl
	byte $EA ,$3C ,$82 ,$44      ; 00 = Regular Tanks
       .byte $32 ,$2C ,$8A ,$DA      ; 01 = Tank Pong
       .byte $80 ,$9C ,$DA ,$3A      ; 10 = Jets
       .byte $64 ,$A8 ,$DA ,$4A      ; 11 = Biplanes
       .byte $08 ,$04 ,$00 ,$0E      ; special B&W
	
PF0_0  .byte $F0 ; |XXXX    | $F779
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F77A
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F77B
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F77C
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F77D
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F77E
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F77F
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F780
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F781
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F782
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F783
       .byte $10 ; |   X    | $F784
PF1_0  .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F785
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F786
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F787
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F788
       .byte $38 ; |  XXX   | $F789
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F78A
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F78B
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F78C
       .byte $60 ; | XX     | $F78D
       .byte $20 ; |  X     | $F78E
       .byte $20 ; |  X     | $F78F
       .byte $23 ; |  X   XX| $F790
PF2_0  .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F791
       .byte $80 ; |X       | $F792
       .byte $80 ; |X       | $F793
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F794
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F795
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F796
       .byte $1C ; |   XXX  | $F797
       .byte $04 ; |     X  | $F798
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F799
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F79A
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F79B
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F79C
PF1_1  .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F79D
PF0_3  .byte $00 ; |        | $F79E
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F79F
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A0
PF1_3  .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A1
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A2
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A3
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A4
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A5
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A6
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A7
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A8
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7A9
       .byte $07 ; |     XXX| $F7AA
       .byte $1F ; |   XXXXX| $F7AB
       .byte $3F ; |  XXXXXX| $F7AC
       .byte $7F ; | XXXXXXX| $F7AD
PF1_2  .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F7AE
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7AF
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7B0
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7B1
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7B2
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7B3
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7B4
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7B5
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7B6
       .byte $60 ; | XX     | $F7B7
       .byte $20 ; |  X     | $F7B8
       .byte $21 ; |  X    X| $F7B9
PF2_2  .byte $FF ; |XXXXXXXX| $F7BA
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7BB
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7BC
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7BD
       .byte $80 ; |X       | $F7BE
       .byte $80 ; |X       | $F7BF
       .byte $80 ; |X       | $F7C0
       .byte $80 ; |X       | $F7C1
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7C2
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7C3
       .byte $00 ; |        | $F7C4
       .byte $07 ; |     XXX| $F7C5

; Addresses for Sprite Graphics

SPRLO   .BYTE  #PlaneShape, #TankShape, #>PlaneShape, #>JetShape


; Playfield address data.  Kernal timing requires that
; these addresses point 4 bytes before the real start
; of data.
;
	;        Complex   ,    None 
	;        Simple    ,   Clouds
PLFPNT	.BYTE  #<(PF0_0-4) ,#<(PF0_0-4)
	.BYTE  #<(PF0_0-4) ,#<(PF0_3-4)   ;PF0
	.BYTE  #<(PF1_0-4) ,#<(PF1_1-4)
	.BYTE  #<(PF1_2-4) ,#<(PF1_3-4)   ;PF1
	.BYTE  #<(PF2_0-4) ,#<(PF1_1-4)
	.BYTE  #<(PF2_2-4) ,#<(PF1_3-4)   ;PF2

; Game features, indexed by game number-1.
;
; bits   
;   1,0:      TANKS           PLANES
;        X0 = Normal
;        X1 = Invisible
;        00 =                 1 vs. 1
;        01 =                 2 vs. 2
;        10 =                 3 vs. 1
;        11 =                 3 vs. Giant
;   3,2: 01 = No maze
;        10 = Simple maze
;        00 = Complex maze
;        1X =                 Clouds
;        0X =                 No clouds
;     4:  0 = Direct Hit      Normal Gun
;         1 = Billiard Hit    Machine Gun
;     5:  0 =     Straight Missiles
;         1 =     Guided Missiles
;     6:  0 = Tanks           Jets
;         1 = Tank Pong       Biplanes
;     7:  0 =     Tank Game
;         1 =     Plane Game

;     
VARMAP	.BYTE  $24 ;Game 1:  0010 0100  TANK
	.BYTE  $28 ;Game 2:  0010 1000
	.BYTE  $08 ;Game 3:  0000 1000
	.BYTE  $20 ;Game 4:  0010 0000
	.BYTE  $00 ;Game 5:  0000 0000
	.BYTE  $48 ;Game 6:  0100 1000  TANK PONG
	.BYTE  $40 ;Game 7:  0100 0000
	.BYTE  $54 ;Game 8:  0101 0100
	.BYTE  $58 ;Game 9:  0101 1000
	.BYTE  $25 ;Game 10: 0010 0101  INVISIBLE TANK
	.BYTE  $29 ;Game 11: 0010 1001
	.BYTE  $49 ;Game 12: 0100 1001  INVISIBLE TANK-PONG
	.BYTE  $55 ;Game 13: 0101 0101
	.BYTE  $59 ;Game 14: 0101 1001
	.BYTE  $A8 ;Game 15: 1010 1000  BIPLANE
	.BYTE  $88 ;Game 16: 1000 1000
	.BYTE  $98 ;Game 17: 1001 1000
	.BYTE  $90 ;Game 18: 1001 0000
	.BYTE  $A1 ;Game 19: 1010 0001
	.BYTE  $83 ;Game 20: 1000 0011
	.BYTE  $E8 ;Game 21: 1110 1000  JET FIGHTER
	.BYTE  $C8 ;Game 22: 1100 1000
	.BYTE  $E0 ;Game 23: 1110 0000
	.BYTE  $C0 ;Game 24: 1100 0000
	.BYTE  $E9 ;Game 25: 1110 1001
	.BYTE  $E2 ;Game 26: 1110 0010
	.BYTE  $C1 ;Game 27: 1100 0001
	;
	; $FF to signify end of game variations.
	;
	.BYTE  $FF

	; If you were changing this to a 4K cart, you'd
	; want to change this ORG to $FFFC.  You might also
	; want to move AudPitch out of the interrupt vector...
	;
	ORG $F7FC
	.word $f000             ; Reset IRQ
	;
AudPitch
	.BYTE  $0F, $11         ; Motor sound pitch table by player